Pukhraj Singh

Cyber geopolitics, cyber geostrategy and information statecraft


Pukhraj Singh

Pukhraj Singh is a cyber threat detection technologist with 15 years of experience. His background lies in interdisciplinary analysis bridging cyber threat intelligence, national security and geopolitics.

He is the founder of the Centre for Epistemic Security, an Australian think tank undertaking doctrinal and strategic research on informational, cognitive, grey-zone and hybrid threats targeting liberal democracies.

Pukhraj is a member of the Australian Institute of Professional Intelligence Officers. He is also a master’s student of cyber geostrategy at UNSW Canberra (Australian Defence Force Academy).

Pukhraj has held cyber security and intelligence roles at the National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) under the Indian Prime Minister’s Office, Aadhaar, BAE Systems, Symantec, Verint and other crucial organisations.

At NTRO, he played a key role in establishing India’s strategic cyber defence capabilities. Pukhraj was also the first cyber security manager at Aadhaar, India’s flagship digital identification framework.

His strategic analysis has been published by the US Military Academy, Australian Defence College, Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Indian Army and Observer Research Foundation.

Pukhraj has spoken at international security conferences. He has trained senior Indian military commanders, advised the top national security echelon on charting India’s cyber doctrine, and participated in bilateral diplomatic dialogues.

He lives in Brisbane, Australia, with his partner and son.

Pukhraj was also the founder of Abroo, a now-defunct socio-political initiative for the empowerment of the Dalits and marginalised of the Indian Punjab. He is an amateur poet and aficionado of Punjabi Sufi music.



2022: Australian Defence College: Counterpropaganda is not a dirty word

2022, Hindustan Times: CERT-In’s new cybersecurity directive is a misadventure

2021, Australian Strategic Policy Institute: Critical infrastructure legislation should also set the parameters of cognitive security

2021, Observer Research Foundation: The equities of telco cyber exploitation: 5G and the Huawei ban

2021, Observer Research Foundation: The SolarWinds hack pokes holes in Defend Forward

2020, Hindustan Times: SolarWinds: Cyber strategists are back to the drawing board

2020, Hindustan Times: On China, it’s time to consider cyber operations

2020, SC Magazine: Understanding strategic threat intelligence

2020, Infosecurity Mag: How the MSSPs can strive to be detection ninjas

2019, Outlook: A post-Kudankulam roadmap for India’s cyber deterrence

2019, Hindustan Times: An act of war in the Indian cyberspace

2019, The Centre for Internet and Society: Before cyber norms, let’s talk about disanalogy and disintermediation

2019, US Military Academy: A death knell for the international norms of cyber conflict

2019, The Quint: US-Iran tensions: What Indian cyber commanders can learn

2019, The Print: An adversary India has paid little attention to: Pakistan army’s public relations wing

2019, Deccan Herald: Gerasimov of South Asia

2019, The Tribune: Nations should strive for cognitive security

2018, The Tribune: We should all have something to hide

2018, The Tribune: There is continual war in cyberspace

2018, The Tribune: Digital privacy and the illusion of choice

2018, The Tribune: Digital privacy is a Faustian bargain

2018, The Indian Express: When code is law

2017, DEFCOM: A Journal of the Indian Army: Cyberspace as a theatre of ‘nonlinear war

2016: Centre for Advanced Strategic Studies: Cyber, Darkly

2013, Seminar: Thinking offensively!

2011, Jindal Journal of International Affairs: Battle-ready for the fifth dimension: Assessing India’s cyber-defence preparedness



2021, DynamicCISO Summit: The empirical paradoxes of cybersecurity

2021, CyFy: 5G, 6G and beyond: How to secure the Internet?

2019, College of Air Warfare, Indian Air Force: In cyber, the generals should lead from behind

2019, ITWeb Security Summit, South Africa: Politics and power in cybersecurity

2019, Nullcon: Hacking elections for fun and profit: disinformation and cognitive cyber offence

2019, Headquarters of the Integrated Defence Staff, Ministry of Defence, India: Synergy in joint cyber operations

2018, Signals Intelligence Directorate, Indian Army: Understanding the physics of cyber operations

2018, Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses: The digital age, cyber space, and social media: The challenges of security and radicalization

2018, Rootconf: The death of enterprise security as we know it

2012, Nullcon: Shall we dust China? The geo-strategic realities of cyberwar